Home' Christchurch Mail : January 10th 2013 Contents 16 CHRISTCHURCH MAIL, JANUARY 10, 2013
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Phone: 358 5443
Resolutions for the
I wonder if you made any New Year's resolutions?
Loosing weight, getting more exercise, more
family time, and getting more organised, all figure
in the resolution top ten. Most people I talk to
however tell me that there isn't much point in
making resolutions because they will only be
broken. There is a message about making sure any
resolutions we make are planned out with small
The idea of looking at our lives and asking if
there things I need to work on is a very good one.
A strong part of our heritage in the Christian
faith is about self examination, confession, and
repentance. Jesus talked often about repentance
and by that he simply meant taking a new
direction. He held out the possibility that we can
institute change in our lives and grow. Things
don't have to remain as they are and taking time to
examine our lives and ask what could be better is
time well spent.
Jesus was interested in helping us find the path
that might fulfil the deep dream of God for our
living. In a teaching called the Sermon on the
Mount he said we'd know if we had found the right
We are content with who we are...
We know our dependence on God...
We genuinely care for others...
We have our inside world in order...
We no longer have the desire to be better than
others and will instead seek to nurture cooperation
We are all pretty good at examining the world
around us and offering opinions on how it should
be put right. We would all do well to
take time to examine our own lives
and ask, "what small steps can I
take to fulfill God's dream for
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Two in one go not ideal
Many IVF clinics now implant only one embryo
IVF TWINS: A study from Sweden suggests IVF twins are more likely to be born early and with
a low birth weight
Having twins as a result of in vitro
fertilisation carries higher risks of
complications for both mother and babies
than having two single babies from separate
IVF procedures, says a new Swedish study.
The extra concerns that come with
multiple births are nothing new. But even as
many fertility clinics have stopped regularly
implanting more than one embryo, debate
has continued over whether having twins
through IVF is really a bad thing for couples
desperate for children.
''A lot of patients, when they've had
infertility for a long time, think that it's a
bonus to get two,'' said Dr Lynn Westphal, a
women's health and fertility specialist at
Stanford University Medical Center in Palo
But, ''we know it's always safest to have
one child at a time'' said Westphal, who
wasn't involved in the new study.
Researchers led by Dr Antonina Sazonova
of Sahlgrenska University Hospital in
Gothenburg analysed data from fresh and
frozen embryo transfers done at Swedish IVF
clinics between 2002 and 2006.
Those records included 991 women who
ultimately gave birth to twins after a double
embryo transfer and 921 mothers with two
children born through separate rounds of
IVF.Almost 47 per cent of twin babies were
born prematurely and 39 per cent were
considered low birth weight, Sazonova's
team reported in the journal Fertility and
Sterility. That compared to the 7 per cent of
single babies that were premature and less
than 5 per cent born small.
Twins were also more likely to have
breathing complications, sepsis or jaundice.
And their mothers had two to three times
more preeclampsia -- high blood pressure
and protein in the urine -- and were four
times more likely to need a caesarean than
women who had two single births.
But there was no difference in the babies'
chances of having severe malformations and
other life-threatening health problems.
Dr Westphal said she and her colleagues
have been counselling more and more
women to have a single embryo implanted,
especially the younger, healthier fertility
''Obviously the acceptance of that is
difficult; patients may be less likely to want
to do that especially if they're paying for
their treatment,'' she said.
A typical IVF cycle is US$12,000 to $18,000
and may or may not be covered by
insurance in the United States.
In Sweden, IVF is publicly funded for
infertile couples but only for one live birth,
the research team noted.
Some data suggest women are just as
likely to get pregnant if they have a single
embryo implanted during a round of fertility
treatment, versus more than one. But
findings have been inconsistent, said Dr
''A lot of patients are focusing just on
getting pregnant; they're not looking at the
whole pregnancy and looking at the
outcome of twins,'' she said.
''They're just thinking if they transfer
more, they're more likely to get pregnant.
And they're thinking if they have twins,
they're just getting everything done at one
But the new findings argue against that
The researchers called outcomes for both
babies and mothers ''dramatically better'' for
women who had two children through
separate IVF pregnancies, compared to
those who had twins.
''These results support single-embryo
transfer to minimise the risks associated
with twin pregnancies,'' they said. Reuters
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